asked Questions regarding the book "Sri Guru Granth Sahjib Jee Dee Bani de Adhar te Dasam Granth dee Vichar."Question: Your book asserts that
the tenth Guru did not write any Bani. Can you tell us, as to which
five banis, did Guru Gobind Singh recite while preparing khande di
pahul on the Vaisakhi day of 1699?Answer
Gurbaksh Singh Gulshan an eminent scholar has stated in his book,
'Darpan Sikh Maryada' that there is no historical evidence or 'Rehat
Nama' which indicates the Bani or banis recited by Guru Gobind Singh. I
will elucidate further.
- Guru Gobind Singh did not write
the book that is now called "Dasam Granth", nor was it compiled under
his guidance. An essay giving historical evidence, 'Dasam Granth, its
history by Daljeet Singh' is available on website Dasam Granth, page2
of google.com and is worth a study.
- The Question of authorship of Dasam Granth has been in dispute from the very beginning.
tenth Guru of the Sikhs left this world in the year 1708 AD. According
to some scholars of Sikh history, Bhai Mani Singh arranged to collect
the supposedly handwritten compositions of the tenth Guru from the
homes of Sikhs 13 to 17 years later in the years variously described as
1721 or 1725 AD. Bhai Mani Singh is said to have sent the writings to
- These handwritten manuscripts were bound and
entitled the "Bachitar Natak" which translates as "the Strange Drama."
played by gods and goddesses throughout the ages according to Vedic
scriptures. Years later these handwritten manuscripts were printed and
renamed "Dasam Granth", giving the impression that they were the
personal writings of the tenth Guru himself.
- The title name of
Dasam Granth has been changing with passage of time. Now the printed
version is named Sri Dasam Granth Sahib Ji. This name is quite similar
to the name "Shri Guru Granth Sahib Ji". The change in name is a
fraudulent move by the opponents of Sikh faith to inculcate the false
belief that Dasam Granth contained writings of the tenth Guru.
a period of two years from 2005 to 2007 the author studied each of the
twelve compositions of Dasam Granth. The compositions begin with
salutation to gods and goddesses of Vedic (Hindu faith).
- It is
noted that the compositions begin with Vedic form of eulogizing the
Vedic gods and goddesses. This is followed by salutation of Sikh faith,
'Ik Onkar Wageguru Ji Ki Fateh'. The writer obviously is a devotee of
Vedic gods and goddesses.
- The names of gods and goddesses
written in the compositions include Kal, Mahakal, Kali, Brahma, Vishnu,
Shiva, and their earthly Avatars such as Shri Ram Chandra and Shri
Krishna. These are gods and goddesses of Vedic/Hindu faith.
- As an example of addressing the goddess Bhagauti in one of the compositions the devotee exalts
"You Are the Weapon, you are the Arrow, and you are Sword,
( All weapons are worshipped by warriors as gods and goddesses)
You are the Kal, you are Kali,
You are Jog Maya, you are Bhavani,
You are Vishnu, you are Brahma,
You are the Creator of the universe,
You are the Destroyer of the universe."
Question: Did the codification of the Sikh Rehat Maryada end the controversy on the authorship of the Dasam Granth?Answer
another composition of Dasam Granth ', Var Sri Bhagauti Ji Ki,'the
composer names her as Durga. It is to be noted that hundreds of names
have been given to the same Shakti in Vedic scriptures. The worship of
gods, goddesses, and weapons is endorsed in the Vedic thought and is
known as Shakti Pooja. Every devotee worships his own chosen god to
seek his blessings.
- Each composition has been examined and it is found that every composition is the creation of poets of Vedic/Hindu faith.
The controversy regarding authorship of the compositions continued
after the enforcement of Sikh Rehat Maryada. Sikhs representing various
Sikh Organizations formulated and enforced the "Sikh Rehat Maryada" in
the mistaken belief that the tenth Guru had uttered banis included in
Dasam Granth. It has now been established that the decisions taken by
this congregation are not in consonance with the teachings of ten Sikh
Gurus, enshrined in "Sri Guru Granth Sahib", the undisputed Guru of the
Sikhs. These decisions are therefore not sacred and are open to
Question. The Sikh scholars continued their research and write books
and arrange seminars in defiance of the Sikh Rehat Maryada. Some of the
findings of scholars are as under
- The compositions like Bachhiter Natak and Chaubees Avtaar are translations of Vedic literature.
compositions are written in Braj Bhasha. The residence of these poets
has been traced to Rajasthan. The names of some poets like Ram, Shyam
and Gobind are given in the compositions that confirm that these poets
were the authors of the compositions.
- A pantheon of Hindu Gods
like Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Kaal, Kaali, Mahakaal are deities of
worship of the poets. (Gurbani forbids worship of Gods and Goddesses.)
scholars are of the opinion that Jaap Sahib, Akal Ustat and� Sawaiye
are written by the tenth Guru. Some of the scholars have said that a
part of Akal Ustat is not in consonance with Gurbani and recommend that
a portion of Akal Ustat should be expunged.
- In the Dasam Granth
the Persian Hikayats that follow the Zaffar Nama form a part of the
composition. Some scholars suggest that the Hikayats should be delinked
from the Dasam Granth.
- Most scholars agree that the Triya
Chitre enumerating the stories of prostitutes and women of low
character are in such vulgar taste that they cannot be recited in the
family or in the Sangat. Some of these compositions caste a slur on the
character of Guru Gobind Singh Himself. Kabyo Bach Choupee is a part of
this composition but remains a part of Sikh daily prayer.
conflicting reasons and conclusions of studies carried out so far do
not allow us to choose the right from the wrong. This is the reason for
Is there any other yardstick on the basis of which we can arrive at
definite and indisputable conclusions regarding the authorship if Dasam
: The short answer is yes.After
going through the available studies the author opined that all Sikhs
will agree to any conclusions drawn on the basis of the teachings of
"Shri Guru Granth Sahib ". Gurbani Guru is rich in comparative study of
Sikh religion and the Vedic faith. It is for this reason that first 50
pages of the book is a study of Gurbani preaching and the edicts of
Gurbani on Vedic scriptures and their forms of worship. The whole book
is only Gurbani Katha/Vichaar elucidating the edicts of Gurbani on the
Gurbani preaches worship of One and only One God. Jyot Roop Akal Purkh the eternal Supreme Being. HE is the only God
Bhagwan, Allah of all humans. HE pervades the whole universe, is ever
present in all creation. HE alone creates, sustains and destroys all
creation by HIS attribute of Hukam. HE alone is eternal Akal Purkh. HE
is a reality. HE can be seen and recognized.
that all Gods and Goddesses of Vedic faith are the creation of One and
only One God, Ik Ekankar Akal Purkh and that all Gods and Goddesses of
Vedic faith are mortal. None is eternal. Those who worship gods and goddesses continue to go into cycles of birth and death.
author has given extracts from all the compositions of Dasam Granth.All
compositions with the exception of Zafar Nama, begin with invocation of
Gods and Goddesses like Bhagauti, and Kal.
compositions as a form of daily Sikh prayer is worship of Gods and
Goddesses much against the teachings of Gurbani.
Conclusions drawn in the book ibid are the edicts of Gurbani, which would be respected by Sikhs.
The author has considered historical evidence and other arguments of scholars but has relied only on the preaching of Gurbani.Question.
Is there any harm if the Sikhs continue to recite the Banis from Dasam
Granth even though it may not be Bani of tenth Guru?Answer
Sikh Gurus repeatedly affirm that Bani of Guru Granth Sahib is True,
which is termed as Sachhi Bani.Gurbani says that all other Bani is
Kacchi bani, uttered by Kachha unrealized writers. Recitation of Sachhi
Bani teaches Gurmat to the mind. Kachhi Bani of the Vedas teaches Ved
Mat.Gurbani forbids reciting of Kachhi Bani.(see Bani 'Anand' in SGGS)
ten Sikh Gurus preached Sikh tenets, which are entirely opposed to
Vedic faith. Reciting and singing of Kachhi Bani from Dasam Granth by
Sikhs has resulted in backdoor entry of Vedic faith in the Sikhs minds.
Nanak was Hindu by birth. Guru Nanak and ten Sikh Gurus changed
conditioned thought of Hindus ingrained in them from birth over a
period of thousands of years. Many Hindus from all over India were
converted to Sikhism by the power and truth of the Word Gurbani. The
teachings of ten Sikh Gurus over a period of 250 years and conversion
of Hindus to Sikh faith, has been surreptitiously back rolled by Dasam
Granth in the last 150 years. Sikhs are thus being converted again to
the faith that was discarded during the period of Sikh Gurus. Sikhs can
halt this degradation of faith if they revert to complete dependence on
"Sri Guru Granth Sahib", for spiritual guidance and humanistic social
interaction. Vedic caste system was eliminated by the Sikh Gurus.
Realization and deliverance from the cycle of birth and death can only
be achieved by following the teachings of Gurbani, singing the praises
of Satguru and ParBrahm, Akal Purkh.Gurbani preaches meditation on and
praise of One and only One God defined in Mool Mantra of the Holy
Scripture.Those who accepted the teachings of the Sikh Gurus
enshrined in Gurbani were required to give up their previous beliefs
prior to initiation into the Sikh Faith. Gurbani says that those who
convert to the Sikh religion are fortunate.
Those who do not
convert to Sikhism are always welcome in Sikh congregations as
brothers.The conversion must be voluntary and based on a true
understanding and belief in the religious philosophy of the Sikhs.
acceptance of Dasam Granth as a composition of the tenth Guru implies
that Guru Gobind Singh was a devotee of the numerous gods and goddesses
of the Hindu/ Vedic faith, which is opposed to the teachings of all
Sikh Gurus, from Guru Nanak to Guru Gobind Singh. Guru Gobind Singh had
passed on successorship to SGGS and became a disciple of SGGS. Dasam
Granth is a surreptitious attempt to separate Guru Gobind Singh from
the other Sikh Gurus, and even from" Sri Guru Granth Sahib" .
examined the Dasam Granth vis-�-vis the teachings of SGGS in detail.On
the basis of this gold standard, it is proven beyond dispute that Dasam
Granth is the creation of Hindu poets of Vedic following.The names of
Sikh Gurus were included in the compositions for the sole purpose of
confusing the Sikhs. Dasam Granth lowers the personality of Sikh Gurus
to the level or even below the level of Gods and Godesses. This has
been explained in the book by quotes from Gurbani.
Maryada, formulated by the Sikh leaders under the mistaken belief that
Dasam Granth was Guru Gobind Singh's personal creation, is not
The present Rehat Maryada must be changed to include
Banis from Shri Guru Granth Sahib only. Gurbani delineates the Sikh
Even in the time of the Sikh Gurus, the Brahmin
vehemently opposed Sikh philosophy. Hindus have for long been trying to
prove that Sikhs are a branch of Vedic faith. Shri Guru Granth Sahib
has so far saved the Sikhs. Wrongful acceptance of the Vedic Dasam
Granth as Gurbani has brought us to the verge of merging with the Hindu
faith.If the Sikhs do not wake up to the reality of Dasam Granth at the
earliest, then we can surmise that the foreboding of some scholars that
their will be no Sikh in the next thirty to fifty years may come true.
Ninety percent of Sikhs in villages of Punjab are today without Keshas
and beard and have lost their Sikh identity. Dasam Granth is negating the present Parchar by Sikh organizations.
I request Sikh scholars to examine for themselves the evidence as presented in the 177-paged book entitled Siri Guru Granth Sahib Ji di Bani dey Adhar te Dasam Granth di Vichar
by Dr. Gurmukh Singh. This will enable us to initiate a meaningful
discussion on this subject of paramount importance. Our Hindu brethren
are also welcome to join the discussion. We are only discussing facts
in SGGS and Dasam Granth without malice.